Miscarriage is the phase or condition that no woman wants to experience in her life. It is a spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. Most miscarriages occur during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy.
As per Gynaecologists in Raipur, miscarriages are very common. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. But the actual number is likely higher because many miscarriages occur so early in pregnancy that a woman doesn’t realize she’s pregnant. Some experts believe that about half of all fertilized eggs die before implantation or are miscarried.
The most common cause is a genetic abnormality of the fetus. Although miscarriage is relatively common, it can be an extremely traumatic and devastating experience.
Most miscarriages occur before the 12th week of pregnancy and the most common sign of miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. This can vary from light spotting or brownish discharge to heavy bleeding and bright-red blood or clots.
Other signs and symptoms of a miscarriage might include:
– Pain or cramping in your abdomen or lower back
– Fluid or tissue discharge from your vagina
– no longer experiencing the symptoms of pregnancy, such as feeling sick and breast tenderness
What Causes Miscarriage?
Dr. Asha Jain says most miscarriages occur because the fetus isn’t developing normally because the unborn baby has fatal genetic problems.
The most common causes of miscarriage are:
1. Abnormal Chromosomes
It means that something is not correct with the baby’s chromosomes. Chromosomes contain the genes that determine your baby’s unique traits, such as hair and eye color. Most chromosomal abnormalities are the cause of a damaged egg or sperm cell or are due to a problem at the time that the zygote went through the division process.
2. Medical Conditions
A miscarriage during weeks 13 through 24, the second trimester, often results from a problem with the mother. These are some health problems like infection such as cytomegalovirus, diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure, thyroid, and other autoimmune disorders that increase a woman’s risk for miscarriage
Your way of living can also affect your born-to-be child. Women who smoke during pregnancy have a greater risk of miscarriage than do nonsmokers. Heavy alcohol use and illicit drug use also increase the risk of miscarriage. Malnutrition, excess caffeine and exposure to radiation or toxic substance can also contribute to it.
4. Environmental Hazards
Certain substances in your environment at home or at work may also put your pregnancy at risk for miscarriage.
Ways To Prevent Miscarriage
Most early miscarriages are caused by genetic abnormalities in the fetus. Unfortunately, there is nothing that can be done to prevent miscarriages caused by genetic abnormalities.
Gynaecologists in Changorabhata suggests that It’s important to know that most miscarriages aren’t caused by anything you or your partner have or haven’t done. However there is clear evidence that your lifestyle can affect your chance of having a baby, so there are several things you can do to limit the risk of miscarriage and increase the chances of a healthy pregnancy.
You can follow the given below ways to lower your risk of miscarriage
– Not smoking during pregnancy
– Not drinking alcohol or using illegal drugs during pregnancy
– Eating a healthy, balanced diet with at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day
– Making attempts to avoid certain infections during pregnancy, such as rubella
– Avoiding certain foods during pregnancy, which could make you ill or harm your baby
– Being a healthy weight before getting pregnant, i.e losing weight if you are very overweight or obese
– Regular exercise
– Avoid radiation and poisons such as arsenic, lead, formaldehyde, benzene, and ethylene oxide.
– Take special care to keep your abdomen safe while pregnant. Avoid sports that carry a higher risk of injuries.
If a miscarriage has begun, there is nothing that can be done to stop it. Treatment of a miscarriage, once it has begun, depends on your symptoms. Any treatment you have will be aimed at avoiding heavy bleeding and infection.
There are 3 ways to manage a miscarriage.
– Expectant Management
This occurs in about 50 percent of missed miscarriages and means waiting for the natural loss of your pregnancy. It can take some time before the miscarriage occurs (following some bleeding and pain). If the miscarriage doesn’t occur naturally or the miscarriage isn’t completed, you will be offered medical or surgical management
– Medical management
This treatment option uses specially prescribed medications and is successful in 80 to 90 percent of cases. This treatment is suitable when your pregnancy loss occurred in the first 28 weeks, depending on risk.
– Surgical management
This treatment involves a surgical procedure known as a dilatation and curettage (D&C) which is done under a general anesthetic. The procedure will remove any pregnancy tissue from your uterus. It is successful in 95 to 100 percent of cases but there are small surgical risks.