PMS is the premenstrual syndrome and every girl goes through it during the time of their menstrual cycle. It’s estimated that as many as 3 of every 4 menstruating women have experienced some form of premenstrual syndrome.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a combination of emotional, physical, psychological, and mood disturbances that occur after a woman’s ovulation, typically ending with the onset of her menstrual flow
Gynaecologists in Sector-34 Noida, PMS shows up in many different ways. This syndrome has a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including mood swings, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue, irritability, and depression.
What Causes PMS?
Exactly what causes premenstrual syndrome is unknown, but several factors may contribute to the condition:
– Cyclic changes in hormones
Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome change with hormonal fluctuations and disappear with pregnancy and menopause.
– Chemical changes in the brain
Fluctuations of serotonin, a brain chemical (neurotransmitter) that are thought to play a crucial role in mood states, could trigger PMS symptoms. Insufficient amounts of serotonin may contribute to premenstrual depression, as well as to fatigue, food cravings, and sleep problems.
Symptoms of PMS
The list of potential signs and symptoms for the premenstrual syndrome is long, but most women only experience a few of these problems.
Emotional and behavioral signs and symptoms
– Tension or anxiety
– Depressed mood
– Crying spells
– Mood swings and irritability or anger
– Appetite changes and food cravings
– Trouble falling asleep (insomnia)
– Social withdrawal
– Poor concentration
– Change in libido
Physical signs and symptoms
– Joint or muscle pain
– Weight gain related to fluid retention
– Abdominal bloating
– Breast tenderness
– Acne flare-ups
– Constipation or diarrhea
– Alcohol intolerance
How long does PMS last?
As per Gynaecologists in Noida, PMS symptoms that you may experience up to 14 days before your period (menstruation). The symptoms usually stop soon after your period starts. The duration of PMS varies among women.
Some women may have symptoms for a shorter or longer time period, but symptoms of PMS typically start after ovulation (the mid-point in the monthly menstrual cycle).
Can you Prevent PMS?
PMS cannot be prevented or avoided. For some women, eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly may ease PMS symptoms.
Tips on controlling PMS
– Eat complex carbohydrates (such as whole grains and whole-grain bread, pasta, and cereals), fiber, and protein. Cut back on sugar and fat.
– Avoid salt for the last few days before your period to reduce bloating and fluid retention.
– Cut back on caffeine to feel less tense and irritable and to ease breast soreness.
– Cut out alcohol. Drinking it before your period can make you feel more depressed.
– Try eating up to 6 small meals a day instead of 3 larger ones.
– Get aerobic exercise. Work up to 30 minutes, 4 to 6 times a week.
– Get plenty of sleep—about 8 hours a night.
– Keep to a regular schedule of meals, bedtime, and exercise.
– Try to schedule stressful events for the week after your period.
For many women, lifestyle changes can help relieve PMS symptoms. But depending on the severity of your symptoms, doctors may prescribe one or more medications for premenstrual syndrome. You can also consult doctor online if you are facing more problems.
There is no cure for PMS, but taking medicine may help. The success of medications in relieving symptoms varies among women.
Commonly prescribed medications for premenstrual syndrome include:
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) — which include fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), sertraline (Zoloft) and others — have been successful in reducing mood symptoms. SSRIs are the first line treatment for severe PMS or PMDD. These medications are generally taken daily. But for some women with PMS, use of antidepressants may be limited to the two weeks before menstruation begins.
– Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Taken before or at the onset of your period, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) can ease cramping and breast discomfort.
When exercise and limiting salt intake aren’t enough to reduce the weight gain, swelling and bloating of PMS, taking water pills (diuretics) can help your body shed excess fluid through your kidneys. Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a diuretic that can help ease some of the symptoms of PMS.
– Hormonal contraceptives.
These prescription medications stop ovulation, which may bring relief from PMS symptoms.
PMS is a natural phenomenon faced by almost every other woman, there is no permanent solution for it but one can deal with it according to the symptoms faced by her. Various medications and lifestyle changes can help in dealing with it.